Atheromas feel the pressure: biomechanical stress and atherosclerosis.

Pyle AL, Young PP
Am J Pathol. 2010 177 (1): 4-9

PMID: 20558573 · PMCID: PMC2893643 · DOI:10.2353/ajpath.2010.090615

Atherosclerosis, a chronic vascular disease, is the underlying cause of over half the deaths in the United States each year. Variations in local vascular hemodynamics predispose select sites in the vasculature to atherosclerosis, and the atherosclerotic lesions, in turn alter the biomechanical functioning of the local microenvironment, the consequences of which are not well understood on a molecular level. Further progress in the field of atherosclerosis will require an understanding of the relationship between biomechanics, the tissue microenvironment, and the cellular and molecular response to these factors. This review summarizes this field, particularly within the context of the vascular smooth muscle cell.

MeSH Terms (5)

Atherosclerosis Humans Muscle, Smooth, Vascular Myocytes, Smooth Muscle Plaque, Atherosclerotic

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