Reagent precoated targets for rapid in-tissue derivatization of the anti-tuberculosis drug isoniazid followed by MALDI imaging mass spectrometry.

Manier ML, Reyzer ML, Goh A, Dartois V, Via LE, Barry CE, Caprioli RM
J Am Soc Mass Spectrom. 2011 22 (8): 1409-19

PMID: 21953196 · PMCID: PMC3424619 · DOI:10.1007/s13361-011-0150-8

Isoniazid (INH) is an important component of front-line anti-tuberculosis therapy with good serum pharmacokinetics but unknown ability to penetrate tuberculous lesions. However, endogenous background interferences hinder our ability to directly analyze INH in tissues. Chemical derivatization has been successfully used to measure isoniazid directly from tissue samples using matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization (MALDI) imaging mass spectrometry (IMS). MALDI targets were pretreated with trans-cinnamaldehyde (CA) prior to mounting tissue slices. Isoniazid present in the tissues was efficiently derivatized and the INH-CA product measured by MS/MS. Precoating of MALDI targets allows the tissues to be directly thaw-mounted and derivatized, thus simplifying the preparation. A time-course series of tissues from tuberculosis infected/INH dosed animals were assayed and the MALDI MS/MS response correlates well with the amount of INH determined to be in the tissues by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)-MS/MS.

MeSH Terms (12)

Acrolein Animals Antitubercular Agents Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid Histocytological Preparation Techniques Isoniazid Lung Molecular Imaging Rabbits Spectrometry, Mass, Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption-Ionization Stereoisomerism Tandem Mass Spectrometry

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