Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization imaging mass spectrometry for the investigation of proteins and peptides.

Burnum KE, Frappier SL, Caprioli RM
Annu Rev Anal Chem (Palo Alto Calif). 2008 1: 689-705

PMID: 20636094 · DOI:10.1146/annurev.anchem.1.031207.112841

Mass spectrometry (MS) is an excellent technology for molecular imaging because of its high data dimensionality. MS can monitor thousands of individual molecular data channels measured as mass-to-charge (m/z). We describe the use of matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization (MALDI) MS for the image analysis of proteins, peptides, lipids, drugs, and metabolites in tissues. We discuss the basic instrumentation and sample preparation methods needed to produce high-resolution images and high image reproducibility. Matrix-addition protocols are briefly discussed along with normal operating procedures, and selected biological and medical applications of MALDI imaging MS are described. We give examples of both two- and three-dimensional imaging, including normal mouse embryo implantation, sperm maturation in mouse epididymis, protein distributions in brain sections, protein alterations as a result of drug administration, and protein changes in brain due to neurodegeneration and tumor formation. Advantages of this technology and future challenges for its improvement are discussed.

MeSH Terms (14)

Animals Biology Brain Chemistry Techniques, Analytical Female Humans Male Mice Neurodegenerative Diseases Peptides Proteins Proteome Proteomics Spectrometry, Mass, Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption-Ionization

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