Ngn3(+) endocrine progenitor cells control the fate and morphogenesis of pancreatic ductal epithelium.

Magenheim J, Klein AM, Stanger BZ, Ashery-Padan R, Sosa-Pineda B, Gu G, Dor Y
Dev Biol. 2011 359 (1): 26-36

PMID: 21888903 · PMCID: PMC3746519 · DOI:10.1016/j.ydbio.2011.08.006

During pancreas development, endocrine and exocrine cells arise from a common multipotent progenitor pool. How these cell fate decisions are coordinated with tissue morphogenesis is poorly understood. Here we have examined ductal morphology, endocrine progenitor cell fate and Notch signaling in Ngn3(-/-) mice, which do not produce islet cells. Ngn3 deficiency results in reduced branching and enlarged pancreatic duct-like structures, concomitant with Ngn3 promoter activation throughout the ductal epithelium and reduced Notch signaling. Conversely, forced generation of surplus endocrine progenitor cells causes reduced duct caliber and an excessive number of tip cells. Thus, endocrine progenitor cells normally provide a feedback signal to adjacent multipotent ductal progenitor cells that activates Notch signaling, inhibits further endocrine differentiation and promotes proper morphogenesis. These results uncover a novel layer of regulation coordinating pancreas morphogenesis and endocrine/exocrine differentiation, and suggest ways to enhance the yield of beta cells from stem cells.

2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

MeSH Terms (9)

Animals Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors Cell Lineage Epithelial Cells Mice Mice, Transgenic Morphogenesis Nerve Tissue Proteins Pancreatic Ducts

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