Obesity Suppresses Cell-Competition-Mediated Apical Elimination of RasV12-Transformed Cells from Epithelial Tissues.

Sasaki A, Nagatake T, Egami R, Gu G, Takigawa I, Ikeda W, Nakatani T, Kunisawa J, Fujita Y
Cell Rep. 2018 23 (4): 974-982

PMID: 29694905 · PMCID: PMC6314181 · DOI:10.1016/j.celrep.2018.03.104

Recent studies have revealed that newly emerging transformed cells are often eliminated from epithelial tissues via cell competition with the surrounding normal epithelial cells. This cancer preventive phenomenon is termed epithelial defense against cancer (EDAC). However, it remains largely unknown whether and how EDAC is diminished during carcinogenesis. In this study, using a cell competition mouse model, we show that high-fat diet (HFD) feeding substantially attenuates the frequency of apical elimination of RasV12-transformed cells from intestinal and pancreatic epithelia. This process involves both lipid metabolism and chronic inflammation. Furthermore, aspirin treatment significantly facilitates eradication of transformed cells from the epithelial tissues in HFD-fed mice. Thus, our work demonstrates that obesity can profoundly influence competitive interaction between normal and transformed cells, providing insights into cell competition and cancer preventive medicine.

Copyright © 2018 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

MeSH Terms (12)

Animals Cell Transformation, Neoplastic Dietary Fats Dogs Epithelial Cells Immunity, Innate Intestinal Mucosa Lipid Metabolism Madin Darby Canine Kidney Cells Mice Obesity Pancreas

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