Determination of cytochrome P450 metabolites of arachidonic acid in coronary venous plasma during ischemia and reperfusion in dogs.

Nithipatikom K, DiCamelli RF, Kohler S, Gumina RJ, Falck JR, Campbell WB, Gross GJ
Anal Biochem. 2001 292 (1): 115-24

PMID: 11319825 · DOI:10.1006/abio.2001.5044

Arachidonic acid (AA) can be metabolized by cytochrome P450 enzymes to many biologically active compounds including 5,6-, 8,9-, 11,12-, and 14,15-epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs), their corresponding dihydroxyeicosatrienoic acids (DHETs), as well as 19- and 20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acids (HETEs). These eicosanoids are potent regulators of vascular tone. However, their role in the ischemic myocardium has not been well investigated. In this study, we used a gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric technique to analyze total EETs, DHETs, and 20-HETE released into coronary venous plasma during coronary artery occlusion and reperfusion in anesthetized dogs. Pentafluorobenzyl esters (PFB-esters) of EETs and PFB-esters/trimethylsilyl ethers (TMS-ethers) of DHETs and 20-HETE were detected in the negative ion chemical ionization (NICI) using methane as a reagent gas. Under the conditions used, all four regioisomers of EET eluted from the capillary gas chromatographic column at similar retention times while four regioisomers of DHETs and 20-HETE eluted separately. The detection limits in plasma samples are 5 pg for total EETs, 40 pg for DHET, and 15 pg for 20-HETE. 14,15-DHET is the major regioisomer detected in the plasma samples while other regioisomers of DHETs are probably present at too low a concentration for detection. During the first 5 to 15 min of coronary occlusion, a slight decrease in the concentration of EETs, 14,15-DHET, and 20-HETE from the control values was observed in coronary venous plasma. At 60 min of occlusion, their concentrations significantly increased and remained elevated during 5 to 60 min of reperfusion. The concentrations decreased at 120 min of reperfusion. The NICI GC-MS was successfully used as a sensitive technique to determine cP450 metabolites of AA in plasma during prolonged occlusion-reperfusion periods. Furthermore, the results indicate that these metabolites may play a role in mediating ischemic-reperfusion injury.

MeSH Terms (13)

8,11,14-Eicosatrienoic Acid Animals Arachidonic Acid Biological Factors Coronary Vessels Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System Dogs Eicosanoids Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry Hydroxyeicosatetraenoic Acids Ischemia Reference Standards Reperfusion

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