Identification of a Novel Transcript and Regulatory Mechanism for Microsomal Triglyceride Transfer Protein.

Suzuki T, Brown JJ, Swift LL
PLoS One. 2016 11 (1): e0147252

PMID: 26771188 · PMCID: PMC4714884 · DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0147252

Microsomal triglyceride transfer protein (MTP) is essential for the assembly of triglyceride-rich apolipoprotein B-containing lipoproteins. Previous studies in our laboratory identified a novel splice variant of MTP in mice that we named MTP-B. MTP-B has a unique first exon (1B) located 2.7 kB upstream of the first exon (1A) for canonical MTP (MTP-A). The two mature isoforms, though nearly identical in sequence and function, have different tissue expression patterns. In this study we report the identification of a second MTP splice variant (MTP-C), which contains both exons 1B and 1A. MTP-C is expressed in all the tissues we tested. In cells transfected with MTP-C, protein expression was less than 15% of that found when the cells were transfected with MTP-A or MTP-B. In silico analysis of the 5'-UTR of MTP-C revealed seven ATGs upstream of the start site for MTP-A, which is the only viable start site in frame with the main coding sequence. One of those ATGs was located in the 5'-UTR for MTP-A. We generated reporter constructs in which the 5'-UTRs of MTP-A or MTP-C were inserted between an SV40 promoter and the coding sequence of the luciferase gene and transfected these constructs into HEK 293 cells. Luciferase activity was significantly reduced by the MTP-C 5'-UTR, but not by the MTP-A 5'-UTR. We conclude that alternative splicing plays a key role in regulating MTP expression by introducing unique 5'-UTRs, which contain elements that alter translation efficiency, enabling the cell to optimize MTP levels and activity.

MeSH Terms (14)

Alternative Splicing Animals Carrier Proteins CHO Cells Cricetulus Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel Female HEK293 Cells Humans Mice Protein Isoforms Rabbits Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction RNA, Messenger

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