My research efforts have concentrated on delineating the molecular basis of vascular development in the mammalian embryo as an approach to understanding the etiology of congenital heart diseases.  My laborotory efforts are based on the hypothesis that the developing vasculature provides important patterning information that directs subsequent cardiac and pulmonary morphogenetic events.  We have focused our investigation on two areas: 1) the role of endothelial cell adhesion molecules, particularly PECAM-1 in regulating vascular ontogeny and 2) the role of NFATc-1, in specification of endocardial development during early organogenesis.  PECAM-1/CD31 is the earliest endothelial specific adhesion molecule expressed in the developing embryo.  In addition, it is expressed as multiple alternatively spliced isoforms which demonstrate dramatically different adhesion profiles.  We are using in vitro cell culture, in situ whole mouse embryo culture, and transgenic approaches to define the specific role of PECAM-1 and its alternatively spliced isoforms in embryonic vascular ontogeny.

To facilitate these studies, the laboratory has developed techniques for adenoviral mediated, tissue specific gene delivery in situ and in utero, during critical stages of cardiovascular development.  Most recently, we have identified restricted expression of PECAM-1 to the inner cell mass of the pre-implantation embryo defining the first ICM specific cell adhesion molecule and suggesting a role for PECAM-1 in maintaining stem cell pluripotency. To this end, we have begun characterization of both the ICM and endothelial specific regulatory regions of PECAM-1.

In addition, the laboratory has begun analysis of the first endocardial specific transcription factor identified to date, Nuclear Factor of Activated T cells (NFATc1) and has demonstrated that it is required for normal aortic and pulmonary valve formation utilizing null mutations in the mouse.  Strategies aimed at defining the "upstream" and "downstream" mechanisms by which NFATc regulates semilunar valve formation include chimeric analysis by ES cell blastocyst complementation, representational display with microarray screening, as well as quantitative anatomical and physiological assessment using high resolution ultrasound and MRI microscopy.

Finally, we are developing strategies for endothelial specific gene mutations using the Cre-Lox system and defining inducible endothelial specific promoters to allow temporal a spatial gene manipulation throughout the vascular system.  We are particularly interested in delineating the role of the receptor tyrosine kinase, Tie1, in pulmonary vascular development.  We have documented that there is a burst of Tie1 expression in the pulmonary vasculature that is associated with rapid lung maturation in the neonatal period and are using whole lung bud culture and postnatal analysis to furhther determine the role Tie1 plays in pulmonary vascular maturation.


Featured publications

  1. Endocardial cells are a distinct endothelial lineage derived from Flk1+ multipotent cardiovascular progenitors. Misfeldt AM, Boyle SC, Tompkins KL, Bautch VL, Labosky PA, Baldwin HS (2009) Dev Biol 333(1): 78-89
    › Primary publication · 19576203 (PubMed)
  2. NFATc1 identifies a population of proximal tubule cell progenitors. Langworthy M, Zhou B, de Caestecker M, Moeckel G, Baldwin HS (2009) J Am Soc Nephrol 20(2): 311-21
    › Primary publication · 19118153 (PubMed) · PMC2637056 (PubMed Central)
  3. Ndrg4 is required for normal myocyte proliferation during early cardiac development in zebrafish. Qu X, Jia H, Garrity DM, Tompkins K, Batts L, Appel B, Zhong TP, Baldwin HS (2008) Dev Biol 317(2): 486-96
    › Primary publication · 18407257 (PubMed) · PMC2800102 (PubMed Central)
  4. Fate mapping using Cited1-CreERT2 mice demonstrates that the cap mesenchyme contains self-renewing progenitor cells and gives rise exclusively to nephronic epithelia. Boyle S, Misfeldt A, Chandler KJ, Deal KK, Southard-Smith EM, Mortlock DP, Baldwin HS, de Caestecker M (2008) Dev Biol 313(1): 234-45
    › Primary publication · 18061157 (PubMed) · PMC2699557 (PubMed Central)
  5. Genomic imprinting of Dopa decarboxylase in heart and reciprocal allelic expression with neighboring Grb10. Menheniott TR, Woodfine K, Schulz R, Wood AJ, Monk D, Giraud AS, Baldwin HS, Moore GE, Oakey RJ (2008) Mol Cell Biol 28(1): 386-96
    › Primary publication · 17967881 (PubMed) · PMC2223316 (PubMed Central)
  6. Neural crest contribution to the cardiovascular system. Brown CB, Baldwin HS (2006) Adv Exp Med Biol : 134-54
    › Primary publication · 17076279 (PubMed)
  7. Pancreatic islet production of vascular endothelial growth factor--a is essential for islet vascularization, revascularization, and function. Brissova M, Shostak A, Shiota M, Wiebe PO, Poffenberger G, Kantz J, Chen Z, Carr C, Jerome WG, Chen J, Baldwin HS, Nicholson W, Bader DM, Jetton T, Gannon M, Powers AC (2006) Diabetes 55(11): 2974-85
    › Primary publication · 17065333 (PubMed)
  8. Tgfbeta signaling is required for atrioventricular cushion mesenchyme remodeling during in vivo cardiac development. Jiao K, Langworthy M, Batts L, Brown CB, Moses HL, Baldwin HS (2006) Development 133(22): 4585-93
    › Primary publication · 17050629 (PubMed)
  9. Report of the Tennessee Task Force on Screening Newborn Infants for Critical Congenital Heart Disease. Liske MR, Greeley CS, Law DJ, Reich JD, Morrow WR, Baldwin HS, Graham TP, Strauss AW, Kavanaugh-McHugh AL, Walsh WF, Tennessee Task Force on Screening Newborn Infants for Critical Congenital Heart Disease (2006) Pediatrics 118(4): e1250-6
    › Primary publication · 17015513 (PubMed)
  10. Essential functions of Alk3 during AV cushion morphogenesis in mouse embryonic hearts. Song L, Fässler R, Mishina Y, Jiao K, Baldwin HS (2007) Dev Biol 301(1): 276-86
    › Primary publication · 16959237 (PubMed)